Spanish Loanwords | C / CH

Letter C/CH: Displaying 61 - 80 of 285

Capricorn, a zodiac sign
(a loanword from Spanish/Latin)

(central Mexico, early seventeenth century)
Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahuatl Altepetl in Central Mexico; The Nahuatl and Spanish Annals and Accounts Collected and Recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, eds. and transl. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997), vol. 2, 128–129.

a weapon; a short-barrelled musket?
(a loanword from Spanish)

jail (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 

carders (to prepare wool or cotton for for spinning) (see attestations)

a load; also, a measure of maize seed, which also translates into a certain amount of land (e.g. a field into which can be planted one carga of maize)

(a loanword from Spanish)

Caterina Pizzigoni, ed., Testaments of Toluca (Stanford: Stanford University Press and UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 2007), 44.

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1519–1556), and Charles I, king of Spain (1516–1556)

Carmelites; a Roman Catholic religious order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel founded in the 12th c.
(a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
carnello, galnero

ram, sheep (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 

Shrovetide (a Catholic religious observation; a loanword from Spanish)

(ca. 1582, Mexico City)
Luis Reyes García, ¿Como te confundes? ¿Acaso no somos conquistados? Anales de Juan Bautista (Mexico: Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Biblioteca Lorenzo Boturini Insigne y Nacional Basílica de Guadalupe, 2001), 142–143.

cattle prod (?) (see attestations)
(a loandword from Spanish)

a carpinter
(a loanword from Spanish)

career, major at a university (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 
careta, caleta

(a loanword from Spanish)

trolley, hand cart, wheelbarrow
(a loanword from Spanish)

carriage (see attestations)

Orthographic Variants: 
carosa, carrosa

a large coach, richly adorned (see attestations)

Orthographic Variants: 
cata de benta, carta de vetan, carta de beta

a bill of sale (a loanword from Spanish)

Orthographic Variants: 

letter, document; bill (of sale); bill of payment, receipt (see Lockhart)
(a loanword from Spanish)

a small book used in teaching the important points of religious doctrine
(a loanword from Spanish)