both a personal name (male) and a place name (referring to the patron saint, Matthew, taken by a given community); eventually, when used as a personal name, the San before the Mateo would be dropped, resulting in what would appear to be two given names, such as Juan Mateo; the use of the full "de San Mateo," something like a surname, was more characteristic of the 16th c.
the last name of a lord, don Miguel Sánchez Itzcactzin, who was a resident of San Sebastián Atzaqualco; he owned a historic painting that identified rulers of Culhuacan (all according to Chimalpahin, who was consulting such sources)
Codex Chimalpahin: Society and Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Culhuacan, and Other Nahuatl Altepetl in Central Mexico; The Nahuatl and Spanish Annals and Accounts Collected and Recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, eds. and transl. Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997), vol. 2, 80–81.
a name, used something like a surname, for example, by don Luis de Santa María, the indigenous governor of Tenochtitlan, as attested in a document from 1563; a name such as this was sometimes eventually shortened to just María, which is how some men came to have the name María, such as José María
Santa María was also, of course, the patron saint taken by many indigenous communities, and added to the indigenous place name
St. Dominic; also the name of an island in the Caribbean
(central Mexico, 1612) Annals of His Time: Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, James Lockhart, Susan Schroeder, and Doris Namala, eds. and transl. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 232–233.
serge, a coarse type of cotton used for clothing; gray Franciscan habits were made from this; sometimes called sayal fransiscano Josephine Paterek, Encyclopedia of American Indian Costume, (New York: W. W. Norton, 1996), 264.
tallow (central Mexico, 1613) Annals of His Time: Don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, James Lockhart, Susan Schroeder, and Doris Namala, eds. and transl. (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006), 232–233.